References Barcelona-Sanchez, Antonio ed. The difference in "MAS" value for the U. The balanced state of the world, of course, being something that is defined by the West and of which the West is a self-declared guardian: Multiplicity and contention among ideologies: The Oriental way of thinking is conceptualized as circular and more often than not incomprehensible to a Western mind.
As in Frame 2, here too, the relationship between the Orient and the West is not one between equals. Iraq thereafter refused to readmit inspectors into the country, and regular exchanges of fire between Iraqi forces and U. This is again an instance of power being relative. How the Military Discards Injured Troops and Denies Them Veterans Benefits On average, Gulf War injury claims involve twice as many medical issues as other disability claims, and they take four months longer to complete than other more routine claims.
Westerners by contrast are conceived of as balanced, reliable and controled. Yet, the following is one of the rare examples acknowledging the divisions within what is viewed as the happy Arab family: As the other allies gradually left the coalition, U. However, as rationality can also be interpreted as a lack of compassion, which is a positive kind of emotionality, George Bush, it is said, had to struggle to remain cool-headed: The Metaphor System for Morality.
The allies, by contrast, lost about troops in the conflict. Treatment here, of course, meaning containment of expansionist dictators by the peace-loving international community ibid.: N, 18 March 91 There is a link between this frame and Frame 5, i.
Last week he played it. This frame does not allow the Iraqi leader to have the same view on international relations and participate in the diplomatic gamble as an equal: Instability This is the category that reveals most clearly that the images of the Orient are to be considered as detached from physical reality as they are used to project upon physically real nation states a conceptualization which has not so much to do with experiences of the Orient but preconceived ideas about it.
Moreover, the superiority of U.
Weakness Here, the relationship between the Orient and the West is conceptualized in terms of an asymmetrical power distribution. In the United States sponsored a new UN resolution calling for the return of weapons inspectors, who then reentered Iraq in November.
Meanwhile, the main U. Rather, rationality is viewed as something that can be restored, if lost temporarily, or is still worthwhile being expected: N, 18 March 91 6 One reason for Iraqi impotence in the early gulf war was U.
Linearity, of course, suggesting "sequential development" of thinking which is comprehensible to others Implicitly, the more powerful is conceptualized as more moral. Not only do the examples suggest is this true of Saddam Hussein, but also of Orientals at large.
Since the Orientalist stereotypes had disastrous implications for the way the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait was handled, the analysis of East-West relations against this Orientalist background helps to understand why Iraq—in the post-cold-war era—still finds itself on the other side. This contrast is not only applied to Saddam Hussein and George Bush as the representative adversaries in the crisis, but it is also extended to include on the one hand, the people they represent, and on the other hand the culture and value system they stand for, i.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the U. Pending complete complianceeconomic sanctions would continue. Many others, however, deserve a D—or an F. The simplified and schematized conceptualization of Iraq as part of the Orient thus justified a hard-line approach to the Gulf crisis which eventually led to war.
The exploitation of metaphor in the Persian Gulf War. However, according to the "just-war scenario", it is Kuwait which is conceptualized as "a weak, defenseless country", i.
Similarly, the political domination of the Arab world by the West is viewed as an act of emasculation by someone more powerful: Traditionally, the family is conceived of as the most natural and therefore strongest network of relationships.
The way of life represented by the U. The conceptualization of Arab alliances as fraternization, while Western alliances among cultural kin such as Americans, Britons and Germans are not seen as such suggests that alliances between Westerners are based on cool reason, whereas Oriental alliances are regarded as based on blood ties which are not self-determined, but have to be put up with: Thus, despite the economic, political, ideological and cultural disparity among Arab nations, "the Arab world" is viewed by the West as a close-knit family:A report, Needless Deaths in the Gulf War, by Middle East Watch, is sickening to read.
The destruction of Iraq’s electrical system, communications facilities, factories, railroads, waterways, bridges, and highways—in fact, the entire infrastructure—showed that bombing could not be limited to military targets only.
An Operational Analysis of the Persian Gulf War. This report examines operations executed in the Persian Gulf War from two unique perspectives. First, the author participated in the majority. fields, and wanted access to the Persian Gulf (for oil transport).
• Iraq considered Kuwait to be part of their country. • Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein wanted control. The Persian gulf war is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents.
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The Gulf War (2 August – 28 February ), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August – 17 January ) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January – 28 February ) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by.
Nov 24, · FRONTLINE's "The Gulf War" is a comprehensive and critical analysis of the war in which more than one million troops faced off against each other in the deserts of the Gulf states.Download