Mitigation of human made disaster

There is a need for both information and practical assistance to reduce this kind of loss. However, heavy rains cause occasional floods in parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Aroundpeople had to be evacuated and resettled. During and after Hurricane Hugo, U.

The nose and mouth should be covered by a cloth that would filter the air but still allow breathing.

Types of Disasters

These are further triggered due to deforestation and human encroachment on unstable slopes. While no one died as a direct result of the accident, many children were affected by the serious skin disease chloracne from the accident.

The most extreme home confinement scenarios include war, famine and severe epidemics and may last a year or more. Protection of natural resources.

Evacuation sign In a shelter-in-place scenario, a family would be prepared to fend for themselves in their home for many days without any form of outside support.

Natural and Man-Made Disaster and their Impact on Environment

Drought-like conditions can be overcome by better water harvesting techniques. The Kuwait Oil Fires The Gulf War oil spill is the largest oil spill in history making it one of the 10 worst man-made disasters of all time.

Establishment of earthquake regulatory agencies for fast relief. Biological weapons like plague or smallpox bacilli can bring to naught the progress that medical science has achieved over centuries.

Cover the face and breathe with a wet cloth. For example, how can hazard and risk data be used to promote mitigation at the community level?

Emergency management

Nuclear technology has become more widespread. Floodplains and catchment areas.

Human Induced Disasters: Prevention and Community based Mitigation

Disaster response The response phase of an emergency may commence with Search and Rescue but in all cases the focus will quickly turn to fulfilling the basic humanitarian needs of the affected population. Automatic flow controls, special breakers, and other features are readily available and can dramatically reduce damage.

First aid kit with a pet first aid book. By building retaining walls made of concrete, gabions stone filled wire blocks and wooden and steel beams, etc. Cyclones are named variously depending on their source of origin.

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Adoption of nonstructural measures. When disasters occur due to natural forces they are called natural disasters, over which man has hardly any control.

Success stories, computer models, and simulations should be components of such a program. The measures that can be taken to control the extent of flood damage include land use planning, building of physical barriers, preventing human encroachment and use of technology for relief.

Medications and medical records stored in a waterproof container. The control and mitigation measures in earthquake prone regions include hazard reduction programmes, development of critical facilities and proper land use planning.

Research is needed to develop cost-effective methods for strengthening existing buildings and structures, especially unreinforced masonry and brittle reinforced-concrete buildings.

It is a type of landslide involving a large mass of snow, ice and rock debris that slides and fall rapidly down a mountainside. Such drills can bring to light shortcomings that have to be set right before the actual tragedy occurs. Man-made disasters can be minimized to a large extent by adopting the following measures: If mechanical transportation is not available, evacuation on foot would ideally include carrying at least three days of supplies and rain-tight bedding, a tarpaulin and a bedroll of blankets.

Frequently these disasters are related to poor industrial oversight within developing countries. Crude bombs can be manufactured by terrorist groups and the havoc that their use can cause to mankind can be terrific.

Anthropogenic hazard Human-instigated disasters are the consequence of technological hazards. Page 26 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Certain regions of the world, such as parts of Central Africa, are characterized by low amount of rainfall resulting in perennial drought-like conditions.

Many of the chemicals are extremely toxic and carcinogenic which affect the human population in an adverse way. The type of vegetation 4. The important factors responsible for landslide occurrence are as follows: In disaster prone areas, these groups must in particular be targeted for disaster preparedness.Disaster Prevention - Mitigation Trainers' Guide Objective: human and material damage caused by the disaster.

Prevention is to ensure that human action or natural phenomena do not result in disaster or emergency. Primary disaster “Primary” Mitigation. Read chapter 4. Mitigation: Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United N.

A natural or human-made event that threatens to adversely affects human life, property or disaster mitigation. 25 Disaster management: leading activities and related terms Disaster occurrence Disaster Management Microsoft Word - disast&emerg trng pckge Created Date.

A disaster is a serious disruption, occurring over a relatively short time, of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental loss and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.

The 10 worst man-made disasters of all time are difficult to determine with so many blunders. However, excluding the loss of life resulting from war, terrorism or transportation disaster, this list includes the incidents that have had the most affect on people and the environment.

Human Induced Disasters: Prevention and Community based Mitigation! Disasters can take place through deliberate actions of misguided human beings. Terrorist attacks in Jammu and Kashmir are an example of ma- made disasters.

Switzerland has plenty of lakes. All children acquire swimming skills in.

Mitigation of human made disaster
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