Public Choice 3—4: The Failure of Anti-Corruption Policies: Comparative Political Studies 26 2: Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Shabad, Goldie, and Slomczynski, Kazimierz M.
Presidentialism, Multipartism, and Democracy. The Institutions and Elections Project.
Expenses and Attendance in the UK Parliament. Attributes the roots of this weak institutionalization in part to the combination of presidentialism and open-list proportional representation. West European Politics 13 4: International Organization 59 1: Social Science Japan Journal 2 2: American Political Science Review 4: Stanford University Press, Legislative Studies Quarterly 23 3: Longman Classics in Political Science.
Parties and Party Systems: Techniques of Political Graft in the United States. Findings from Afrobarometer Round 3 for 18 Countries. Emphasizes low electoral volatility, strong roots in society, high legitimacy, and strong organizations as the characteristics of institutionalized party systems.
Third World Quarterly 29 2: Electoral Studies 24 1: Where the party system is stable and predictable, it is institutionalized. Canadian Parties in Transition 3rd ed.
Party Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: The Status of Democracy, — Journal of Economic Growth 8 2: Therefore, the first republic saw a maximum level of 5 effective parties, with only one dominant party.
Variation in the stability and predictability of the party system in democratic elections is captured by the concept of Party System Institutionalization PSI.
Political Reform in Japan: The second system emerged following the First World War, and had its heyday from andwas characterized by regionalism and saw the emergence of several protest parties, such as the Progressivesthe Social Credit Partyand the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.
Mainwaring, Scott, and Timothy Scully, eds. British Journal of Political Science 32 1: It began with a "clientelistic approach" under Laurierwhich evolved into a "brokerage" system of the s, s and s under Mackenzie King.
Political Institutions and Corruption: The Worldwide Governance Indicators Project: World Politics 57 3: American Political Science Review 93 3:Where the party system is stable and predictable, it is institutionalized. Where the system is in flux and major new contenders regularly appear, the party system lacks institutionalization.
Fundamental differences among party systems revolve around the level of institutionalization. Party system institutionalization is important because a stable party system encourages the strong role of parties in representing the interests of the people by providing coherent platforms and policies.
Party System Institutionalization. Conceptualized as “the process by which the patterns of interaction among political parties become routine, predictable and stable over time”, party system institutionalization (PSI) is measured according to the following composite index.
Party System Institutionalization and Party System Theory after the Third Wave of Democratization. Pp. – in Handbook of Political Parties, edited by Richard Katz and William J.
A party system is a concept in comparative political science concerning the system of government by political parties in a democratic country. The idea is that political parties have basic similarities: they control the government, have a stable base of mass popular support, and create internal mechanisms for controlling funding, information and nominations.
In their study of 12 Latin American countries, Mainwaring and Scully develop a framework to assess levels of party system institutionalization and explore the impact of the degree of party system institutionalization on democratic consolidation.Download