The background of this revolt lay in the Napoleonic Warswhen a number of well-educated Russian officers travelled in Europe in the course of military campaigns, where their exposure to the liberalism of Western Europe encouraged them to seek change on their return to autocratic Russia.
The Russian autocracy gave the Polish artisans and gentry reason to rebel in by assailing national core values of language, religion, culture.
Would-be revolutionaries were sent off to Siberia — under Nicholas I hundreds of thousands were sent to katorga there. As Western European economic growth accelerated during the Industrial RevolutionRussia began to lag ever farther behind, creating new weaknesses for the Empire seeking to play a role as a great power.
In the bitter Russian Winterthousands of French troops were ambushed and killed by peasant guerrilla fighters. To what extent was the tsarist size of the Russian empire The country itself helped maintain Tsarist authority. Some favored imitating Western Europe while others were against this and called for a return to the traditions of the past.
Agents of the Okhrana worked undercover, infiltrating organisations and groups which might present a danger to the Tsar.
He taught his royal pupils to fear freedom of speech and press, as well as disliking democracy, constitutions, and the parliamentary system. Among the huge peasant population, the Church was very influential. In his view, the practice of rule, a matter of human interactions, is more important than theory and abstractions.
In response to the rejection of the proposal the Bolsheviks and left Socialist Revolutionaries walked out of the assembly.
Many thousands of people seen to be enemies of the state were sent to Siberia where they were so far away that they had little chance of threatening Tsarist power.
State service was abolished, and Catherine delighted the nobles further by turning over most state functions in the provinces to them. However, instead of receiving their lands as a gift, the freed peasants had to pay a special tax for what amounted to their lifetime to the government, which in turn paid the landlords a generous price for the land that they had lost.
Red Guards and armed troops loyal to Lenin forcibly dispersed the remainder of the assembly. People were not happy. France, Britain and Austria tried to intervene in the crisis but were unable to do so. He instituted sweeping reforms and oversaw the transformation of Russia into a major European power.
At the Congress of Berlin in JulyRussia agreed to the creation of a smaller Bulgaria, as an autonomous principality inside the Ottoman Empire. The late s were successful military years. Peter still lacked a secure northern seaport, except at Archangel on the White Seawhere the harbor was frozen for nine months a year.
When Tsar Alexander II ascended the throne indesire for reform was widespread. Paper money was issued to pay for expensive wars, thus causing inflation. Particularly important here was the Okhrana, the secret police. Russia—United Kingdom relations A panoramic view of Moscow in Meanwhile, all vestiges of local self-government were removed.
Russian agricultural kholops were formally converted into serfs earlier in Peter acquired four provinces situated south and east of the Gulf of Finland. Considering herself an enlightened absolutistshe played a key role in the Russian Enlightenment.
Nevertheless, Catherine realized that serfdom must be ended, going so far in her Nakaz "Instruction" to say that serfs were "just as good as we are" — a comment the nobility received with disgust. His aim was to bring the economy under central government control.
Disappointment at the results of the war stimulated revolutionary tensions, and helped SerbiaRomania and Montenegro to gain independence from and strengthen themselves against the Ottomans.
The latter path was advocated by Slavophileswho held the "decadent" West in contempt. During his reign Russia declared the Franco-Russian Alliance to contain the growing power of Germany, completed the conquest of Central Asia and demanded important territorial and commercial concessions from the Qing.By Socialist Alternative.
Introduction; The Revolution That Shook the World. By Peter Taaffe. February The Fall of the Tsar As war drags on, it exposes all that is rotten in society, sharpening all the social contradictions. So it was in Tsarist Russia. The war only postponed the struggle, deepening the eventual revolutionary.
In military and economic terms, Tsarist Russia only experienced a fragment of the great power that the Soviet Union held.
23 Demographic Composition and Geopolitical Sphere of Influence As was briefly mentioned before, Russia has the unique location of being the middle ground between Asia and Europe. To what extent was the collapse of the Tsarist autocracy by due to social and economic rather than military factors?
The Russian revolution of February was a momentous event in the course of Russian history. The Revolution destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led. Tsarist autocracy (Russian: царское самодержавие, transcr. tsarskoye samoderzhaviye) is a form of autocracy (later absolute monarchy) specific to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, which later became Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire.
In it, all power and wealth is. The person of the tsar himself, a sovereign with absolute authority, stood at the center of the tsarist autocracy.  The rights of state power in their entire extent belonged to the tsar. The autocrat further entrusted power to persons and institutions, acting in his name, by his orders, and within the limits laid down for them by law.
What Part did the War Play in the Tsar’s Downfall? The three-hundred year Tsarist dynasty collapsed during the Russian Revolution of Februaryfollowing Tsar Nicholas II‟s abdication on the 2nd March (Longley autocracy to the extent that it could no longer cope. This meant that Tsardom collapsed.Download